DIAMOND GUIDE (4C's)
The most important of the four Cs is cut. The way a diamond is cut affects its brilliance, sparkle, and fire, as well as its overall worth and beauty. The diamond is purposeless without these attributes, regardless of carat weight, colour, or clarity. Cut and Shape are sometimes confused, but they are not the same thing; cut is concerned with symmetry and proportion, whereas shape is concerned with the contour and form of the diamond.
What Impacts Diamond Cut Quality?
The only one of the four C’s that is affected by human hands is Cut. Two diamonds with the same clarity, colour, and carat weight can be distinguished by their cut. Simply said, a diamond's cut determines its quality and degree of brightness.
The cut of a diamond is determined by three factors:
How the measurements and angles relate to the different parts of the stone
The accuracy with which a diamond's numerous facets join and meet
The complexities and placing of the facet shapes, as well as the external finish of the diamond
The carat weight of a diamond determines its price and is unquestionably the most visible attribute of a diamond. It is also the most goal-oriented of the four C’s. It should be noted that carat and size are not synonymous; carat refers to a diamond's exact weight, whilst size refers to its dimensions. In general, the greater the price per carat, the larger the diamond.
The carat weight of a diamond can vary depending on its shape, such as round brilliant, princess, pear, oval, cushion, marquise, emerald, radiant, or heart. A bigger diamond may appear larger, and two diamonds of the same carat weight may differ in size if one is cut deeper than the other.
Inclusions are internal flaws found in diamonds. We reject any diamond with noticeable imperfections to the unaided eye.
FL diamonds are Flawless
IF diamonds are Internally Flawless
VVS diamonds (1 and 2) are Very, Very Slightly Included
VS diamonds (1 and 2) are Very Slightly Included
SI diamonds (1 and 2) are Slightly Included
I1 I2 I3 I4
I diamonds (1, 2 and 3) are Imperfect
PK1 PK2 PK3 PK4
Color refers to the hue of a diamond and is based on the GIA diamond colour scale. The absence of colour influences the grade and value of a diamond.
The gemological standards in this section only apply to individually registered engagement diamonds set in specific ring designs.